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Rayful Edmond III
November 26, 1964 (age 56)
|Other names||Ray, Mr.Dunbar|
|Criminal status||Unknown, possible Witness Protection Program|
|Conviction(s)||(1) Engaging in a continuing criminal enterprise, under 21 U.S.C. §§ 848(b), 853 (Count One); (2) Conspiracy to distribute and possess with intent to distribute more than 5 kilograms of cocaine and more than 50 grams of cocaine base, under 21 U.S.C. § 846 (Count Two); (3) Unlawfully employing a person under 18 years of age, under 21 U.S.C. § 845b (Count Five); (4) Interstate travel in aid of racketeering, under 18 U.S.C. § 1952(a) (Count Eleven); (5) Unlawful use of a communications facility, under 21 U.S.C. § 843(b) (Counts Fourteen, Fifteen, Sixteen, and Eighteen). On September 17, 1990, the District Court imposed sentences of mandatory life without parole on Count One, life without parole on Counts Two and Five, 60 months on Count Eleven, and 48 months on Counts Fourteen, Fifteen, Sixteen, and Eighteen. Edmond's sentences were to run concurrently.|
|Criminal charge||Original 43-count indictment charging various drug crimes, and charged with running a Continuing Criminal Enterprise involving at least 150 kilograms of cocaine and at least 1.5 kilograms of cocaine base|
|Penalty||Life sentence with no parole|
|April 15, 1989|
Rayful Edmond III (born November 26, 1964) is an American former drug trafficker in Washington, D.C. in the 1980s. Edmond is largely credited with having introduced crack cocaine into the Washington, D.C. area during the crack epidemic, resulting in an escalating crime rate in the city which became known as the 'murder capital of the United States'.
Edmond was alleged to have moved large amounts of cocaine. In an indictment involving two of Edmond's associates, it was said that they bought between 1,000 and 2,000 kilos per week in 1992 from the Trujillo-Blanco brothers, who were associated with the Medellin cartel, and sold the drugs to Washington area wholesalers. He was known to have spent some $457,619 in an exclusive Georgetown store (Linea Pitti, specializing in Italian men's clothing) owned by Charles Wynn who was later convicted on 34 counts of money laundering. Edmond's estimated revenue was approximately $300 million annually. In one year, Edmond's organization, which employed 150 people, committed 30 murders.
Remarking on Edmond, longtime D.C. mayor Marion Barry wrote in his autobiography:
He was a young, likable guy, good-looking, with a good personality, and a lot of his friends he played basketball with had no idea that he was involved in drug selling. He was basically pulled into it from his family, That doesn't make it right, but Rayful had a lot of people who liked him and were very loyal to him.
The meeting with John Thompson
Edmond was an avid fan of the Georgetown Hoyas, and frequently sat courtside with his entourage at the Capital Centre for home games. At the height of his empire, he became very friendly with several Hoyas players. When Georgetown University basketball coach (and D.C. native) John Thompson confirmed what was happening, he sent word through his sources to have Edmond meet him at his office at McDonough Gymnasium.
When Edmond arrived, Thompson was initially cordial, and informed Edmond that he needed to cease all contacts with his players, specifically John Turner and Alonzo Mourning, both of whom had befriended Edmond. However, Thompson's parting words to Edmond were that Edmond would face serious consequences if he did not stay away from his players. It is believed that Thompson is the only person to stand up to Edmond without consequence, initially causing some shock and surprise that there was no reprisal against Thompson for it. However, in a memoir published posthumously in December 2020, Thompson characterized the encounter very differently, calling it very respectful. Thompson asked Rayful if he would make sure that Alonzo and John were not wrapped up in any of the illegal activity. Rayful told Thompson that he would take care of it and both men left the meeting in agreement and with respect for each other as human beings. Rayful is quoted as saying afterwords, 'Coach Thompson is cool as hell'.
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Arrest, trial, and conviction
Edmond was arrested on April 15, 1989 at the age of 24. His arrest and subsequent trial were widely covered by local and national media. Judicial officials, fearful of reprisals from members of Edmond's gang, imposed unprecedented security during the trial. Jurors' identities were kept secret before, during, and after trial, and their seating area was enclosed in bulletproof glass. The presiding judge even barred the public from the trial in an effort to protect the jury. Edmond was jailed at the maximum security facility at Marine Corps Base Quantico in Virginia and flown to the Federal Court House in Washington, D.C. by helicopter each day for his trial. Authorities took this unusual step due to heightened fears of an armed escape attempt.
Edmond was convicted of numerous federal violations: (1) Engaging in a Continuing Criminal Enterprise, under 21 U.S.C. §§ 848(b), 853 (Count One); (2) Conspiracy to distribute and possess with intent to distribute more than 5 kilograms of cocaine and more than 50 grams of cocaine base, under 21 U.S.C. § 846 (Count Two); (3) Unlawfully employing a person under 18 years of age, under 21 U.S.C. § 845b (Count Five); (4) Interstate travel in aid of racketeering, under 18 U.S.C. § 1952(a) (Count Eleven); (5) Unlawful use of a communications facility, under 21 U.S.C. § 843(b) (Counts Fourteen, Fifteen, Sixteen, and Eighteen).
On September 17, 1990, the District Court imposed sentences of mandatory life without parole on Count One, life without parole on Counts Two and Five, 60 months on Count Eleven, and 48 months on Counts Fourteen, Fifteen, Sixteen, and Eighteen. Edmond's sentences were to run concurrently.
Edmond was eventually sentenced to life in prison without parole. His mother, Constance 'Bootsie' Perry, was sentenced to 14 years in prison for participating in his criminal enterprise. Several of his sisters and cousins also received sentences.
Edmond continued to deal after being incarcerated in the Lewisburg Federal Penitentiary, in Pennsylvania. He hooked up with Dixon Dario and Osvaldo 'Chiqui' Trujillo-Blanco (son of Griselda 'Godmother' Trujillo Blanco) who shared the same cell block with him. Edmond was setting up deals between D.C. area traffickers and his Colombian connection while incarcerated. In 1996, Edmond and another drug dealer from Atlanta, named Lowe, were convicted after conducting drug business from a federal prison phone. Edmond received an additional 30-year sentence. In an interview with the Bureau of Prisons, Edmond said he had spent several hours every day on the telephone, occasionally using two lines simultaneously to conduct his drug business. Attorney General Eric Holder criticized the Federal Bureau of Prisons for its lax management that allowed drug deals to be conducted from inside prison.
In 1996, federal authorities revealed that Edmond had become a government informant. With Edmond's cooperation, the government arrested 11 alleged drug dealers working in Washington D.C. In exchange, federal prosecutors agreed to seek a reduced sentence for Edmond's mother.
Edmond is still incarcerated but is now part of the United States Federal Witness Protection Program. The prison where he is held has not been disclosed by the government.
In 2019, Edmond returned to D.C. for hearings on whether his life sentence should be reduced to time served based on the information he provided to authorities concerning 20 homicides. At the time, a survey by the District of Columbia Attorney General showed that half of D.C. residents thought Edmond should be released.
In popular culture
- Edmond features prominently in the documentary film The Life of Rayful Edmond Vol.1 The Rise and Fall (2005)
- On his song 'Can I Live' (1996), rapper Jay Z says, 'No more Big Willie, my game has grown prefer you call me William Illin' for revenues, Rayful Edmond like Channel 7 News.'
- Rapper Rick Ross makes reference to Rayful Edmond on the Meek Mill song 'Work', Ross says, 'Not the Reagan Era but a nigga making cheddar Rayful Edmond in the mirror and I'm never telling.'
- Rapper Rick Ross makes reference to Rayful Edmond on his song 'I Think She Like Me', Ross says, 'I'm Rayful Edmond mixed with young Wale Folarin.'
- Rapper Westside Gunn has a song titled 'Rayful's Plug' based on Edmond.
- Rayful Edmond plays a significant role in Seth Ferranti book Rayful Edmond (2013).
- Rayful Edmond was featured in episode 9, season 2 of American Gangster.
- ^'American Gangster, Rayful Edmonds III'. Bet.com. Archived from the original on 2010-04-30. Retrieved 2010-08-20.
- ^'Rayful Edmond'. Panachereport.com. Retrieved 2010-08-20.
- ^ abChris79. 'The Life Of Rayful Edmond Movie Trailer Video'. Vodpod.com. Archived from the original on 2010-06-20. Retrieved 2010-08-20.
- ^Barry, Marion; Tyree, Omar (2014). Mayor for Life, The Incredible Story of Marion Barry, Jr. Largo: Strebor Books. pp. 180. ISBN978-1-59309-505-5.
- ^'In Times Like These, D.C. Sports Fans Should Remember the Greats'. Bleacher Report. 2009-10-02. Retrieved 2010-08-20.
- ^Wilbon, Michael. 'A Coach, Not a Crusader'. The Washington Post. Retrieved 2010-05-22.
- ^Wise, Mike (2007-02-10). 'Big John Is Still Big John'. The Washington Post. Retrieved 2010-05-22.
- ^Ali (2008-09-02). 'Streetball, Sneakers, Bobbito, Nike Air Force, Jordans ' Blog Archive ' The Playground Gave Us Big John and Georgetown Basketball'. Bouncemag.com. Archived from the original on 2011-07-08. Retrieved 2010-08-20.
- ^Thompson, John (17 December 2020). 'Behind John Thompson's closed-door meeting with drug kingpin Rayful Edmond III'. The Undefeated. Retrieved 18 December 2020.
- ^Lewis, Nancy (1989-05-16). 'Edmond, 28 others indicted in drug ring'. The Washington Post. Retrieved 2017-09-02.
- ^ abc'USA v. RAYFUL EDMOND, III'(PDF). Court of Appeals, District of Columbia. 28 April 1995. Archived from the original(PDF) on January 21, 2013. Retrieved 1 January 2010.
- ^'The Once Millionaire Drug Dealer, Rayful Edmond III Could Get Another Chance - Unusual News'. Zimbio. Retrieved 2010-08-20.
- ^ abLocy, Toni (1996-08-09). 'NOTORIOUS D.C. DRUG DEALER TURNS INFORMER TO AID MOM'. The Washington Post. ISSN0190-8286. Retrieved 2020-08-31.
- ^ ab'Drug Kingpin Turns Snitch After Dealing From Prison'. AP NEWS. Retrieved 2020-08-31.
- ^ abAlexander, Keith (15 October 2019). 'After 30 years behind bars, '80s D.C. drug kingpin Rayful Edmond III returns to court in hopes of early release'. Washington Post. Retrieved 16 October 2019.
- ^Cauvin, Henri E. (July 22, 2005). 'A Drug Kingpin's Hot-Selling Story: DVD on Rayful Edmond III Has Captivated Washington'. The Washington Post. Retrieved August 1, 2009.
- ^Seth Ferranti (2011). Rayful Edmond. Gorilla Convict Publications. ISBN978-0980068771.
- Rayful at BET Shows - American Gangster
|Directed by||Peter Farrelly |
|Written by||Barry Fanaro|
|Produced by||Brad Krevoy|
|Edited by||Christopher Greenbury|
|Music by||Freedy Johnston|
Motion Picture Corporation of America
|Box office||$32.2 million|
Kingpin is a 1996 American sportscomedy film directed by Peter and Bobby Farrelly and written by Barry Fanaro and Mort Nathan. Starring Woody Harrelson, Randy Quaid, Vanessa Angel and Bill Murray, it tells the story of an alcoholic ex-professional bowler (Harrelson) who becomes the manager for a promising Amish talent (Quaid). It was filmed in and around Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, as a stand-in for Scranton, Amish country, and Reno, Nevada.
The film was released on July 26, 1996 with a budget of $25 million, and was a box office hit of $32.2 million.
Flashy young bowler Roy Munson wins the 1979 Iowa state bowling championship and leaves home to turn professional. In his professional bowling tour debut, he defeats established pro Ernie McCracken, who takes the loss poorly and seeks revenge. McCracken convinces Roy to join him in hustling a group of local amateur bowlers. When the amateurs become furious after realizing they are being conned, McCracken flees while Roy is brutally beaten and loses his hand when it is forced into the ball return, ending his career. Seventeen years later, Roy uses a prosthetic hand and is living in Scranton, Pennsylvania, as an alcoholic, unsuccessful traveling salesman of bowling supplies. He is always behind on his rent and is constantly harassed by his landlady, Mrs. Dumars, eventually being reduced to trade sexual favors with her for a break on his back rent.
On a sales visit to a nearby bowling alley, Roy meets Ishmael Boorg. Roy tries to convince Ishmael to turn pro, with Roy acting as manager. Ishmael declines, explaining that he is from the local Amish community and that his bowling hobby is a secret and must hide it from his family. Roy then sees a poster in a bowling magazine advertising a $1 million winner-take-all tournament in Reno, Nevada. Learning that Ishmael's family is about to lose their farm to the bank, Roy eventually convinces Ishmael's family to let him join Roy, under the guise of going on a mission trip.
Roy discovers that the childlike Ishmael is not aware of some of bowling's basic rules and skills. (His 270 average was because he was taught to bowl fifteen frames and not the standard ten.) However, after some coaching, Ishmael improves. The duo earn money in various local tournaments and by hustling bowlers. Ishmael defeats a wealthy bowling enthusiast named Stanley Osmanski, but Stanley attacks the duo after discovering that the roll of cash Roy put up was fake. As the group flee Osmanski's mansion, his girlfriend Claudia, who had also been a victim of Osmanski's violence, joins them. Roy suspects Claudia has ulterior motives and is distracting Ishmael. After Roy gets in a fistfight with her, Ishmael flees. During his absence, Roy and Claudia drive on and end up back in Roy's hometown and at his childhood home, which has been abandoned ever since his father died years earlier. Roy then confesses to Claudia he never returned for his father's funeral out of shame for his failure as a pro bowler. They eventually call a truce, find Ishmael and continue on to Reno.
In Reno, the group runs into McCracken, who is now a national bowling superstar. McCracken insults and makes fun of Roy and infuriates Ishmael, who attempts to punch McCracken but instead hits a wall and breaks his hand, leaving him unable to bowl. Later on, Claudia disappears with all of their money after being discovered by Stanley. Feeling distraught, Ishmael convinces Roy that they still have a chance to win $1 million if Roy bowls. Roy enters the tournament, rolling the ball with his prosthetic rubber hand. He rediscovers his touch, progresses through several rounds, and eventually ends up in the televised finals against McCracken. During the final match, Ishmael's brother, who had been sent by the Boorg family, arrives and takes Ishmael back to Pennsylvania. When Roy realizes he is alone, he struggles and McCracken wins the tournament by one pin.
Afterwards, Roy returns to his Pennsylvania apartment and pours his liquor down the drain. He is visited by Claudia, who explains she had disappeared with Stanley in Reno to keep him from hurting Roy and Ishmael. She made Stanley believe she was running away with McCracken to give McCracken payback off-screen, and confesses her love for Roy, offering him money Stanley earned from gambling on McCracken in the finals. Roy responds that he is going to make $500,000 in an endorsement deal for Trojan Condoms based on his prosthetic rubber hand. Roy and Claudia visit Ishmael's family home. Ishmael's parents explain that Roy and Claudia told them about Ishmael's forbidden bowling career, but also about the moral strength and decency he showed during his travels. Roy tells them how Ishmael straightened out Roy and Claudia's lives, with Roy shown to have finally given up drinking. Roy pays off the Boorg family's debts with his endorsement check, and Roy and Claudia kiss before driving away together.
- Woody Harrelson as Roy Munson
- Will Rothhaar as young Roy
- Randy Quaid as Ishmael Boorg
- Vanessa Angel as Claudia
- Bill Murray as Ernie 'Big Ern' McCracken
- Lin Shaye as Mrs. Dumars
- Rob Moran as Stanley Osmanski, Claudia's ex-boyfriend
- Chris Elliott as the gambler
- Chris Schenkel as himself
- Nelson Burton, Jr. as himself
- P. W. Evans as himself
- Major league baseball pitcher Roger Clemens appears in a cameo as the character Skidmark during the restaurant scene.
- Professional bowlersParker Bohn III, Randy Pedersen and Mark Roth appear as opponents that Roy Munson defeats on his way to the final match in Reno against McCracken.
- The film also features several musical acts. Jonathan Richman — who would play an even bigger musical role in the Farrelly brothers' next film There's Something About Mary — fronts the band performing in the restaurant scene. Urge Overkill performs the national anthem at the tournament in Reno, while John Popper appears as the master of ceremony. In the film's final scene, Popper's band Blues Traveler perform their song 'But Anyway' while dressed in traditional Amish clothing.
- According to the Farrelly brothers, Michael Keaton, Chris Farley and Charles Rocket were considered for the roles played by Harrelson, Quaid and Murray respectively.Jim Carrey was the first choice for the role of Ernie McCracken.
Rotten Tomatoes gives the film a 50% approval rating based on 38 reviews, with an average rating of 5.72/10. The site's consensus, 'Kingpin has its moments, but they're often offset by an eagerness to descend into vulgar mean-spiritedness.' On Metacritic, based on 14 reviews, the film holds a score of 43 out of 100, indicating 'mixed or average reviews.' Audiences surveyed by CinemaScore gave the film a grade of 'B-' on a scale of A+ to F.
Roger Ebert had one of the more noteworthy positive reviews, giving it 3.5 out of 4 stars.Gene Siskel also endorsed the film, putting it on his list of the ten best films for 1996.
Nancy Gerstman mentioned the film as one of the nine most underrated films in the 1990s.
The film is ranked #68 on Bravo's '100 Funniest Movies'. In 2018 Vulture.com listed it at #2 on a list of Woody Harrelson's best films.
When released on DVD, Kingpin came in its original PG-13 theatrical version (113 minutes) and an extended, R-rated version (117 minutes). Both versions are available on the Blu-Ray disc issued by Paramount Pictures on October 14, 2014.
American Kingpin Pdf free. download full
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- ^'Kingpin (1996)'. American Film Institute. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
- ^'KINGPIN (12)'. British Board of Film Classification. June 6, 1996. Retrieved November 12, 2014.
- ^ ab'Kingpin (1996)'. The Numbers. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
- ^'City lands good share of movies'. The Vindicator. December 10, 1995. Archived at Google News. Retrieved November 21, 2012.
- ^Berkowitz, Joe (December 30, 2016). 'The Farrelly Brothers' Oral History of 'Kingpin,' Twenty Years Later'. Fast Company. Retrieved July 10, 2019.
- ^'Kingpin (1996)'. Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
- ^'Kingpin Reviews - Metacritic'. Metacritic. Retrieved December 31, 2019.
- ^'Cinemascore'. Archived from the original on December 20, 2018. Retrieved July 21, 2020.
- ^Roger Ebert. 'Kingpin'. Chicago Sun-Times.
- ^'TOP TEN MOVIES: 1969-1998'. Chicago Tribune. October 15, 1999. Retrieved September 13, 2018.
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- Kingpin at IMDb